Quick Answer: How Can We Prevent Infant Mortality?

Why is it important to reduce child mortality?

– The purpose of the UNICEF programme is to reduce mortality rate in children under the age of five, through vaccination programmes, nutrition programmes and other health care.

When children are malnourished, diarrheal diseases, respiratory diseases or epidemics-like measles and polio can pose a mortal danger..

Why are infant mortality rates higher in developing countries?

Environmental and social barriers prevent access to basic medical resources and thus contribute to an increasing infant mortality rate; 99% of infant deaths occur in developing countries, and 86% of these deaths are due to infections, premature births, complications during delivery, and perinatal asphyxia and birth …

Why is US infant mortality so high?

These premature births are the biggest factor in explaining the United States’ high infant mortality rate. Pre-term births can have many different maternal causes, many of which — such as high blood pressure, diabetes, Zika and other infections and age — are not entirely within an expectant mother’s control.

Where is child mortality the highest?

Sub-Saharan AfricaChildren continue to face widespread regional and income disparities in their chances of survival. Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world—76 deaths per 1,000 live births.

How can we reduce infant mortality in Africa?

Improving coverage, quality and use of skilled care, including emergency obstetric care, essential newborn care and management of preterm, low birth weight and infection in the immediate post-partum period, are likely to reduce infant mortality significantly.

Does breastfeeding reduce infant mortality?

Breastfeeding and infant mortality This US study reports that babies who are breastfed have a 21% lower risk of death in their first year, compared with babies never breastfed. The reduction in risk rises to 38% if babies are breastfed for 3 months or more.

WHO recommends breastfeeding for 2 years?

WHO and UNICEF recommend: early initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth; exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life; and. introduction of nutritionally-adequate and safe complementary (solid) foods at 6 months together with continued breastfeeding up to 2 years of age or beyond.

What is the leading cause of infant mortality?

The most common medical cause of neonatal deaths was birth asphyxia (31.5%), followed by low birth weight (LBW)/prematurity (26.5%) and pneumonia and other infections (16.9%). Analysis by gender showed that girls were more predisposed to death due to diarrhoea than boys (table 3).

What is the correlation between breastfeeding and infant mortality?

Three hundred eighty four percent of infant deaths could be decreased if all infants were breastfed before 24 hours and 196% if breastfeeding was started within the first hour to 24 hours after birth. In addition, when children are not exclusively breast fed, the risk of infant death will increase by 686%.

Does breast milk protect against the flu?

Yes. A mother’s breast milk contains antibodies and other immunological factors that can help protect her infant from flu and is the recommended source of nutrition for the infant, even while the mother is ill.

Which country has highest child mortality rate?

Central African RepublicThe country with the highest infant mortality rate is the Central African Republic where close to 9% of all infants die. The country with the lowest infant mortality rate today is Iceland at 0.16%. The chances of an infant surviving here are 170-times higher than in the past.

What are the three leading causes of infant mortality?

The five leading causes of infant death in 2018 were:Birth defects.Preterm birth and low birth weight.Maternal pregnancy complications.Sudden infant death syndrome.Injuries (e.g., suffocation).

Who is affected by infant mortality?

Infant mortality varies considerably based on maternal age. The rate of infant mortality is highest among mothers under age 20 (9.0 deaths per 1,000 live births) and lowest among mothers aged between 30-34 years old (4.8 deaths per 1,000 live births).

How can developing countries reduce infant mortality?

Are there ways to reduce the risk of infant mortality?Preventing Birth Defects.Addressing Preterm Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Their Outcomes.Getting Pre-Pregnancy and Prenatal Care.Creating a Safe Infant Sleep Environment.Using Newborn Screening to Detect Hidden Conditions.

Why is child mortality a problem?

In less developed countries, malnutrition is the main source of child mortality. Pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria together are the cause of 1 out of every 3 child deaths before the age of 5 and nearly half of under-five deaths globally are attributable to under nutrition.