What Are The Additives In Phlebotomy Tubes?

What is the dark blue tube used for in phlebotomy?

Royal blue-top tube: There are 2 types of tubes; one contains the anticoagulant EDTA and the other does not contain an anticoagulant.

These tubes are used for preparing whole blood or serum for trace element studies..

What is the white tube for in phlebotomy?

Pearl white-top tube plasma preparation tube (PPT) This tube contains EDTA and a special polyester material – used for the collection of plasma for molecular (PCR) tests. NOTE: After the tube has been filled with blood, immediately invert the tube 8-10 times to mix and ensure adequate anticoagulation of the specimen.

What is the gray tube used for in phlebotomy?

Gray Stopper Tube:Additive:Sodium fluoride/Potassium oxalateInversions:8Laboratory Use:For glucose, toxicology determinations. Antiglycolytic additives stabilize glucose values for up to 24 hours at room temperature. Tubes should be filled to 4.0 mL. Tube inversion ensures proper mixing of additive and blood.4 more rows

What additives are in blood culture bottles?

Sodium polyanethole sulfonate (SPS) is the most common anticoagulant used in commercial blood culture bottles. Blood from patients with symptoms of bacteremia has been drawn under sterile conditions into bottles containing growth medium containing SPS for culture of bacteria (3, 11, 19).

What are the 3 main veins to draw blood?

This area contains the three vessels primarily used by the phlebotomist to obtain venous blood specimens: the median cubital, the cephalic and the basilic veins. Although the veins located in the antecubital area should be considered first for vein selection, there are alternate sites available for venipuncture.

Which blood culture bottle do you draw first?

The aerobic bottle should be inoculated first as there is about 0.5 cc of air in the line of the collection set and sometimes it is difficult to obtain 8-10 cc of blood per bottle (15-20 cc/set). The aerobic bottle is the more critical one to inoculate short samples into.

What does a blood culture test for?

A blood culture is a test of a blood sample to find germs (such as bacteria or a fungus) that can cause an infection. A bacterial infection in the blood, called bacteremia, can be serious because the blood can spread the bacteria to any part of the body.

What does SST tube test for?

Serum Separator Tube (SST®) for serum determinations in chemistry and serology. Contains separator gel and should not be used for toxicology or drug testing. Inversions ensure mixing of clot activator with blood. Blood clotting time 30 minutes.

What types of collection tubes should be used what type of tube is most often used?

a. Green stopper tubes contain lithium heparin and are used for most tests that require plasma. Green stopper tubes are also used for NH3 which requires immediate transport.

What is the correct order of blood draw tubes?

The correct order of draw follows:Blood culture tube or bottle.Sodium citrate tube (eg, blue closure)Serum tubes, including those with clot activator and gels (eg, red, red-speckled, gold closures)Heparin tube with or without gel (eg, dark green, light green, speckled green closures)More items…•

What are the additives in the collection tubes?

Blood Collection TubesTube cap colorAdditiveLight-blue3.2% Sodium citrateRed or gold (mottled or “tiger” top used with some tubes is not shown)Serum tube with or without clot activator or gelGreenSodium or lithium heparin with or without gelLavender or pinkPotassium EDTA1 more row

What is the tiger top tube used for?

This tube is used for collecting serum or clotted whole blood specimens. Tiger-top tube (serum separator): Tube does not contain an anticoagulant but does contain a clot activator and serum separator gel. This tube is used for collecting serum.

What additives are in the yellow tube?

PHLEBOTOMY SERVICESSTOPPER COLORCONTENTSVOL.Light Blue – Yellow Label on TubeThrombin2.0 mLGreenSodium heparin(100 USP Units)5.0 mLTanK2 EDTA5.0 mLYellowACD Solution A consists of trisodium citrate, citric acid and dextrose8.5 mL8 more rows•Jan 31, 2019

How many vials of blood can they take?

Out of the 5 liters of blood in your body, even 3-5 full vials are a safe quantity and unsubstantial, so don’t worry! This ensures that enough samples are available for back-up in case some samples are compromised.

What blood tube colors are for which test?

The tests each bottle is used for are the same: the purple one is for cell count, the yellow one is for electrolytes, albumin and LDH, the grey one is for glucose, and blood culture bottles can be used for fluid cultures.

What are the tubes used in phlebotomy?

Note: When multiple specimens are drawn from a single venipuncture, the following order is recommended: (1) sterile blood culture tubes, (2) nonadditive clotting tubes (red), (3) coagulation tubes and tubes containing citrate (blue), (4) gel-barrier tubes and tubes with additives (red), (5) tubes containing heparin ( …

What does additive mean in phlebotomy?

additive. any substance, such as an anticoagulant, separator gel, or clot activator, added to a blood collection tube. anticoagulant. substance that prevents blood from clotting.