What Does Postformal Thought Mean?

What is formal thinking?

The formal operational stage begins at approximately age twelve and lasts into adulthood.

As adolescents enter this stage, they gain the ability to think in an abstract manner by manipulating ideas in their head, without any dependence on concrete manipulation (Inhelder & Piaget, 1958)..

What is Postformal thought quizlet?

Postformal Thought. – a proposed adult stage of cognitive development. – following Piaget’s fourth, a stage that goes beyond adolescent thinking by being more practical, more flexible, and more dialectical. – more capable of combing contradictory elements into a comprehensive whole.

What are the four main aspects of operational thinking?

Jean Piaget identified these four stages as follows: sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational, and formal operational. Of the four stages, this lesson will focus on the fourth, or formal operational stage.

What is the concrete operational stage?

The concrete operational stage is the third in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. … The child is now mature enough to use logical thought or operations (i.e. rules) but can only apply logic to physical objects (hence concrete operational).

What is an example of Postformal thought?

Such thinking is more realistic because very few positions, ideas, situations, or people are completely right or wrong. So, for example, parents who were considered angels or devils by the adolescent eventually become just people with strengths and weaknesses, endearing qualities, and faults to the adult.

What do Postformal thinkers do?

Terms in this set (20) Postformal thinkers do not wait for someone else to present a problem to solve. They take a flexible and comprehensive approach, considering various aspects of a situation beforehand, anticipating problems, and dealing with difficulties rather than denying, avoiding, or procrastinating.

What Postformal thought is and why it matters?

Most science, technology, and successful management require postformal thought. Postformal thought matters because the concerns and needs of widely disparate systems and their diverse populations must all be considered if there are to be changes made that are healthy for all involved.

What are the five stages of cognitive development?

Schema, assimilation, accommodation, and equilibration There are a variety of terms Piaget used in his theory to explain cognitive development and how it’s achieved at different stages.

What is the difference between formal operational thought and Postformal thought?

Formal-operational thinking is absolute, and involves making decisions based on personal experience and logic. Post-formal thinking is more complex, and involves making decisions based on situational constraints and circumstances, and integrating emotion with logic to form context-dependent principles.

What is formal operational thinker?

The formal operational stage is characterized by the ability to formulatehypotheses and systematically test them to arrive at an answer to a problem. The individual in the formal stage is also able to think abstractly and tounderstand the form or structure of a mathematical problem.

What are tertiary circular reactions?

in Piagetian theory, an infant’s action that creatively alters former schemes to fit the requirements of new situations.

Why did scholars choose the term Postformal to describe the fifth stage of cognition?

Terms in this set (16) Why did scholars choose the term post formal to describe the fifth stage of cognition? Because many psychologists find that post adolescent thinking is a cut above earlier thought. Adults are more practical and flexible, combining intuition and analysis.

What is the Postformal stage of development?

Postformal thought is practical, realistic and more individualistic, but also characterized by understanding the complexities of various perspectives. As a person approaches the late 30s, chances are they make decisions out of necessity or because of prior experience and are less influenced by what others think.

What are the characteristics of Postformal thought?

Postformal thought has been described as more flexible, logical, willing to accept moral and intellectual complexities, and dialectical than previous stages in development.

Who developed Postformal thought?

Postformal Piaget- ian Thought is one theory that describes this development (Sinnott, 1984b, 1989a-c, 1990, 1991a-c, 1994b).